Đề thi tốt nghiệp THPT năm 2023 môn Tiếng Anh - Sở GD&ĐT Hậu Giang - Mã đề 814 (Có đáp án)

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SỞ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO
KỲ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT NĂM 2023 
TỈNH HẬU GIANG
Bài thi: NGOẠI NGỮ

Môn thi: TIẾNG ANH
ĐỀ THI THỬ
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề
Mã đề 814
 (Đề thi có 04 trang) 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 1. The severe climate of northern Mali does not allow much growth of vegetation.
	A. bad	B. harsh	C. secure	D. gentle
Question 2. Our vacation plans are up in the air because my mother keeps changing the destinations.
	A. not yet made	B. very expensive	C. already decided	D. too far to go
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Millions of people in the UK are putting their sight at risk by continuing to smoke, warned specialists. Despite the clear connection, only one in five people recognise that smoking can lead to blindness, a poll for the Association of Optometrists (AOP) finds. Smokers are twice as likely to lose their sight compared with non-smokers, as tobacco smoke can cause and worsen a number of eye conditions.
Cigarette smoke contains toxic chemicals that can irritate and harm the eyes. Additionally, Smoking can make diabetes-related sight problems worse by damaging blood vessels at the back of the eye. Smokers are also around three times more likely to get age-related macular degeneration - a condition affecting a person's central vision, meaning that they lose their ability to see fine details.
Moreover, they are 16 times more likely than non-smokers to develop sudden loss of vision caused by optic neuropathy, where the blood supply to the eye becomes blocked. The AOP says stopping or avoiding smoking is one of the best steps you can take to protect your vision, along with having regular sight checks. Aishah Fazlanie, Optometrist and Clinical and Regulatory Adviser for the AOP, said: "People tend to know about the link between smoking and cancer, but many people are not aware of the impact that smoking can have upon the eyes.” 
In the UK, 17% of men and 13% of women - around 7.4 million people - are smokers. More than half (61%) of them say they want to quit. In 2017, around 2.8 million people - 5.5% of the UK - were using e-cigarettes, and the most common reason given for this was to help quit smoking. 
 (Adapted from https://www.bbc.com/) 
Question 3. What is the passage mainly about? 
	A. Smoking’s negative effects on the human eye 
	B. How we can protect our vision from cigarette smoke 
	C. People in UK switching to e-cigarette to quit smoking 
	D. The connection between smoking and cancer 
Question 4. The word “their” in paragraph 1 refers to _______. 
	A. specialists	B. non-smokers 	C. smokers	D. problems 
Question 5. According to the passage, smokers can unexpectedly lose vision when _______. 
	A. the blood supply to the eye is blocked 
	B. toxic chemicals in cigarette smoke harm the eye. 
	C. blood vessels at the back of the eye are damaged. 
	D. they suffer from macular degeneration. 
Question 6. The word “fine” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to _______. 
	A. excellent 	B. exact 	C. relevant 	D. lively 
Question 7. The AOP suggest doing all of the following to protect our sight EXCEPT _______. 
	A. switching to e-cigarettes. 	B. stopping smoking. 
	C. avoiding smoking. 	D. checking our sight regularly. 
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
There are several ways to measure how often men and women appear in news photos. One way is to think about all the photos together as making up one big crowd of people and estimating what share are women versus men. Women made up 33% of all the 53,067 individuals identified in news post images, while men made up the other 67%. 
Another way to look at the data is to examine the mix of people who appear in each image. Across the 22,342 posts with photos containing identifiable human faces, more than half of them exclusively showed men, while less than a quarter showed exclusively women. The remaining images show at least one man and one woman. 
All 17 news outlets included in the study showed more men than women in news images on Facebook during the study period. The share of individuals who were identified as women by the model ranges from 25% to 46%, by outlet. 
While these findings are striking, there is no perfect benchmark or “true ratio” for how often men and women should be portrayed in news images on social media. Yes, the U.S. population is divided nearly in half, male versus female. But, for example, all the representational coverage of professional football teams would return results overwhelmingly dominated by male faces. Coverage of the U.S. Senate – currently 25% female – might do the same. In addition, the analysis did not address whether the content of the news stories that accompanied the images was more focused on men or women. 
The analysis also reveals other ways that men are more prominent in news images on Facebook. In photos that showed two or more people, men tend to outnumber women. And men’s faces take up more space when shown, with the average male face being 10% larger than the average female face across all photos with people. 
 (Adapted from https://www.pewresearch.org/) 
Question 8. Which of the following best serves as the title for the article? 
	A. The analysis of news images on Facebook 
	B. Big Crowd of People and the Share of Women and Men 
	C. Men Appear Twice as Often as Women in News Photos on Facebook 
	D. Men and Women in News Images by Outlet 
Question 9. How many of the 22,342 posts with photos containing identifiable human faces showed only women? 
	A. 25% 	B. 33% 	C. 46% 	D. 75% 
Question 10. The word “exclusively” in paragraph 2 most probably means ______. 
	A. uniquely 	B. naturally 	C. honestly 	D. perfectly 
Question 11. The word “striking” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to ______. 
	A. impartial 	B. impressive 	C. creative 	D. inactive 
Question 12. Which of the following is TRUE, according to the article? 
	A. Women accounted for 67% of all the 53,067 individuals identified in news post images. 
	B. More than half of the 22,342 posts with photos show at least one man and one woman. 
	C. Women’s faces take up more space when shown. 
	D. Currently 25% of the U.S. Senate are female. 
Question 13. The word “that” in paragraph 4 refers to ______. 
	A. the images 	B. the stories 	C. the content 	D. the analysis 
Question 14. Which of the reason why men are more prominent in news images can be inferred from the passage? 
	A. Men didn’t make up.	 B. Women are whiter than men. 
	C. Women’s face was smaller than men’s. 	 D. Women didn’t like taking photos. 
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the blanks.
We need to attend to the tree loss because of the following tree benefits. Firstly, trees provide shade for homes, office buildings, parks and roadways, cooling surface temperatures. They also take in and evaporate water, ____(15)___ cools the air around them. Secondly, trees absorb carbon and remove pollutants from the atmosphere. Trees also reduce energy costs by $4 billion a year, according to Nowak's study. "The shading of those trees on buildings ____(16)___ your air conditioning costs. Take those trees away; now your buildings are heating up, you're running your air conditioning more, and you're burning more fuel from the power plants, so the pollution and emissions go up." ____(17)___ , trees act as water filters, taking in dirty surface water and absorbing nitrogen and phosphorus into the soil. Last but not least, ____(18)___ studies have found connections between exposure to nature and better mental and physical health. Some hospitals have added tree views and plantings for patients as a result of these studies. Doctors are even prescribing walks in nature for children and families due to evidence that nature exposure lowers blood ____(19)___ and stress hormones. And studies have associated living near green areas with lower death rates. 
 (Adapted from https://www.studocu.com/vn)
Question 15. A. whose 	B. what	C. which 	D. that 
Question 16. A. values 	B. reduces 	C. pays 	D. increases 
Question 17. A. Besides 	B. However 	C. Consequently 	D. Afterwards 
Question 18. A. much 	B. every 	C. each 	D. many 
Question 19. A. pressure 	B. stream 	C. line 	D. drop 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 20. We want to make sure that no one is taking advantage of the American people for its own short-term gain.
	A. short-term	B. want	C. is taking	D. its
Question 21. The car's transmission is much smoother and more responsible than previous models.
	A. previous	B. responsible	C. models	D. transmission
Question 22. She borrows the books from him many years ago and hasn't returned them yet.
	A. them	B. borrows	C. hasn’t returned 	D. from
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 23. Fiona and Lan are talking about hunting wild animals. 
- Fiona: “I think hunting wild animals should be banned.” 
- Lan: “________. Many wild animals are in danger of extinction." 
	A. I disagree completely	B. No problem 
	C. I couldn’t agree more 	D. You're wrong 
Question 24. Jack is talking to his sister Laura.
Jack: “Could you look after my baby while I'm away?"	Laura: " ________."
	A. Thank you B. It's doesn't matter	C. With pleasure	D. That's all right 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 25. “Kate, what are you doing next Saturday?” Nam asked.
	A. Nam asked Kate what was she doing the next Saturday.
	B. Nam asked Kate what she was doing the next Saturday.
	C. Nam asked Kate what is she doing next Saturday.
	D. Nam asked Kate what she is doing the next Saturday.
Question 26. It's against the law if you hunt the endangered species.
	A. You needn't hunt the endangered species.	 B. You don't need to hunt the endangered species.
	C. You can't hunt the endangered species.	 D. You mustn't hunt the endangered species.
Question 27. She last went shopping two months ago.
	A. She has gone shopping for two months. 	 B. She has two months to go shopping.
	C. She didn't go shopping two months ago.	 D. She hasn't gone shopping for two months. 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 28. ________ the lights when you leave a room!
	A. Turn off	B. Get off	C. Go off	D. Take off
Question 29. I ______ on the phone when my sister arrived.
	A. was talking	B. were talking	C. talked	D. talk
Question 30. She should avoid _______ other people’s feeling.
	A. hurting 	B. hurts	C. to hurt 	D. hurt 
Question 31. She was angry that he _______ his promise again.
	A. did	B. remembered	C. kept	D. broke
Question 32. The area was upgraded to a wildlife _____ in 1972, at which time a small guard force was established. 
	A. reserve	B. reverse	C. reservoir	D. conserve 
Question 33. She said her dad was a _______ man who was always happy.
	A. peaceful	B. peacefulness 	C. peace	D. peacefully
Question 34. She is looking _______ a new place to live at the moment.
	A. with	B. for	C. about	D. at
Question 35. The Red Cross all over the world has carried out a lot of _________.
	A. works 	B. responsibilities	C. jobs	D. missions 
Question 36. I'm nervous if Ben drives when we go out because he drinks like a _______!
	A. fox 	B. duck 	C. cat 	D. fish
Question 37. Today I feel ______ I did yesterday.
	A. best 	B. the best 	C. better than 	D. good than
Question 38. He spent much of his time playing ________ sports, including baseball, football and golf.
	A. an 	B. a 	C. Ø (no article)	D. the 
Question 39. I will discuss them with you _________.
	A. when I will finish all required readings in our class
	B. by the time I finished all required readings in our class
	C. as soon as I finish all required readings in our class
	D. after I had finished all required readings in our class
Question 40. Most people _______ to the party didn’t turn up.
	A. were invited	B. were inviting	C. invited	D. inviting
Question 41. They told you about the news, _______?
	A. didn’t they 	B. have they	C. hasn’t they 	D. didn’t you 
Question 42. The 33rd SEA Games ________ in Thailand from December 9th to 20th, 2025.
	A. hold	B. will be held 	C. will hold 	D. were holding
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 43. Ann has some work to do tonight. She can’t eat out with her family.
	A. If only Ann hadn’t had some work to do tonight, she could have eaten out with her family.
	B. Supposing that Ann doesn’t have some work to do tonight, she can eat out with her family.
	C. If Ann didn’t have some work to do tonight, she could eat out with her family.
	D. If Ann had some work to do tonight, she couldn’t eat out with her family.
Question 44. Bob finished work. He went home to spend more time with his little daughter then. 
	A. Only after Bob went home to spend more time with his little daughter did he finish work. 
	B. Hardly had Bob finished work when he didn’t go home to spend more time with his little daughter.
	C. No sooner had Bob finished work than he went home to spend more time with his little daughter. 
	D. No sooner had Bob finished work when he went home to spend more time with his little daughter. 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 45. A. late	B. page 	C. name 	D. act
Question 46. A. anthem	B. although	C. without	D. neither
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 47. We searched all morning for the missing papers and finally discovered them in a drawer.
	A. brought	B. put 	C. found 	D. quit 
Question 48. Tomato juice contains a rich amount of fiber which helps breaking down bad cholesterol in the body. 
	A. comprises 	B. derives	C. produces 	D. compounds 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 49. A. explain	B. depend 	C. discuss 	D. enter
Question 50. A. applicant	B. endangered	C. graduate 	D. document 
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