Đề thi tốt nghiệp THPT năm 2023 môn Tiếng Anh - Sở GD&ĐT Hậu Giang - Mã đề 820 (Có đáp án)

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SỞ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO
KỲ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT NĂM 2023 
TỈNH HẬU GIANG
Bài thi: NGOẠI NGỮ

Môn thi: TIẾNG ANH
ĐỀ THI THỬ
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề
Mã đề 820
 (Đề thi có 04 trang) 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 1. The severe climate of northern Mali does not allow much growth of vegetation.
	A. harsh	B. bad	C. secure	D. gentle
Question 2. Our vacation plans are up in the air because my mother keeps changing the destinations.
	A. too far to go	B. not yet made	C. already decided	D. very expensive
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Most of us have a sweet tooth. We love to eat a cookie, a donut or a piece of chocolate. But have you noticed what often happens when you eat one? When we eat or drink sugary foods, the sugar enters our blood and affects part of our brain. We may feel better, but the good feeling stops and we just want another one. All tasty foods do this, but sugar has a particularly strong effect. This is why many scientists believe that our love of sugar might be an addiction. In the body, sugar acts like an addictive drug, one that doctors recommend we all cut down. 
It seems obvious now that too much sugar can harm us, but why? In early human history, the body began storing sugar as fat to use as energy. Our bodies are efficient, so they need very little sugar. Today, the Western diet has the highest amount of sugar in history. There are also more high blood pressure and diabetes in the world. Some researchers believe that too much sugar may be the culprit. 
How do we battle our sweet tooth? Doctors advise us to cut down on sweets. They recommend that we choose healthy foods for snacks. Nuts, dark chocolate and yogurts are some of them. Yet even healthy foods can have too much sugar. Yogurts that are advertised as low-fat can have 17 grams, about half the daily allowance. However, the less sugar you eat, the less you want. Exercise helps, too. Using facilities such as walking tracks and gymnasiums can help control our desire.
 (Adapted from Reading Explorer 2, Paul Macintyre et al., 2015) 
Question 3. What is the main idea of the passage? 
	A. sugar makes us sick 	B. what not to eat 
	C. types of healthy food 	D. our sugar addiction 
Question 4. The word "cut down" in paragraph 1 could be best replaced by _______. 
	A. use more 	B. increase 	C. reduce 	D. avoid 
Question 5. The word "They” in paragraph 3 refers to _______. 
	A. snacks 	B. researchers	C. doctors 	D. sweets 
Question 6. According to paragraph 2, too much sugar can _______. 
	A. be advantageous to us 	B. make us gain more energy 
	C. help us avoid some diseases 	D. be harmful to our health 
Question 7. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT mentioned as healthy foods? 
	A. sweets 	B. dark chocolate 	C. yogurts	D. nuts 
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Advocates of the laws and journalists who cover the issue often neglect to ask what will replace plastic bags and what the environmental impact of that replacement will be. People still need bags to bring home their groceries. And the most common substitute, paper bags, may be just as bad or worse, depending on the environmental problem you are most concerned about. 
That is leading to a split in the anti-bag movement. Some bills, like in Massachusetts, try to reduce the use of paper bags as well as plastic, but still favour paper. Others, like in New York City, treat all single-use bags equally. Even then, the question remains as to whether single-use bags are necessarily always worse than reusable ones. 
Studies of bags’ environmental impacts over their life cycle have reached widely varying conclusions. Some are funded by plastic industry groups, like the ironically named American Progressive Bag Alliance. Even studies conducted with the purest of intentions depend on any number of assumptions. How many plastic bags are replaced by one cotton tote bag? If a plastic bag is reused in the home as the garbage bag in a bathroom waste bin, does that reduce its footprint by eliminating the need for another small plastic garbage bag? 
If your chief concern is climate change, things get even muddier. One of the most comprehensive research papers on the environmental impact of bags, published in 2007 by an Australian state government agency, found that paper bags have a higher carbon footprint than plastic. That is primarily because more energy is required to produce and transport paper bags. 
“People look at paper and say it’s degradable, therefore it’s much better for the environment, but it’s not in terms of climate change impact,” says David Tyler, a professor of chemistry at the University of Oregon who has examined the research on the environmental impact of bag use. The reasons for paper’s higher carbon footprint are complex but can mostly be understood as stemming from the fact that paper bags are much thicker than plastic bags. “Very broadly, carbon footprints are proportional to mass of an object,” says Tyler. For example, because paper bags take up so much more space, more trucks are needed to ship paper bags to a store than to ship plastic bags. 
 (Adapted from https://www.wired.com/) 
Question 8. Which of the following best serves as the title for the article? 
	A. Paper bags are a good substitute for plastic ones. B. Is plastic really worse than paper? 
	C. What people think about paper bags 	 D. Activities of American Progressive Bag Alliance 
Question 9. The word “their” in paragraph 1 refers to _______. 
	A. paper bags 	B. plastic bags 	C. groceries 	D. people 
Question 10. American Progressive Bag Alliance is the name of a _______. 
	A. plastic bag seller 	B. plastic industry group 
	C. law company 	D. paper bag company 
Question 11. The word “chief” in paragraph 4 most probably means _______. 
	A. public 	B. small	C. main	D. cooking
Question 12. Which of the following is TRUE, according to the article? 
	A. Studies reach the same conclusion on bags’ environmental impacts. 
	B. New York City prefers single-use bags. 
	C. Plastic bags have a higher carbon footprint than paper according to research in 2007.
	D. Paper bags can be the substitute for plastic bags. 
Question 13. The word “stemming” in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to _______. 
	A. deriving 	B. looking 	C. asking 	D. keeping 
Question 14. What can be inferred the reason for paper’s higher carbon footprint? 
	A. Paper bags are easily torn.	 B. Paper bags take less space. 
	C. Paper bags are difficult to ship. 	 D. Paper bags are much thicker than plastic bags. 
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the blanks.
We need to attend to the tree loss because of the following tree benefits. Firstly, trees provide shade for homes, office buildings, parks and roadways, cooling surface temperatures. They also take in and evaporate water, ____(15)___ cools the air around them. Secondly, trees absorb carbon and remove pollutants from the atmosphere. Trees also reduce energy costs by $4 billion a year, according to Nowak's study. "The shading of those trees on buildings ____(16)___ your air conditioning costs. Take those trees away; now your buildings are heating up, you're running your air conditioning more, and you're burning more fuel from the power plants, so the pollution and emissions go up." ____(17)___ , trees act as water filters, taking in dirty surface water and absorbing nitrogen and phosphorus into the soil. Last but not least, ____(18)___ studies have found connections between exposure to nature and better mental and physical health. Some hospitals have added tree views and plantings for patients as a result of these studies. Doctors are even prescribing walks in nature for children and families due to evidence that nature exposure lowers blood ____(19)___ and stress hormones. And studies have associated living near green areas with lower death rates. 
 (Adapted from https://www.studocu.com/vn)
Question 15. A. which 	B. that 	C. what	D. whose 
Question 16. A. values 	B. reduces 	C. increases 	D. pays 
Question 17. A. However 	B. Besides 	C. Consequently 	D. Afterwards 
Question 18. A. much 	B. every 	C. each 	D. many 
Question 19. A. pressure 	B. line 	C. drop 	D. stream 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 20. Most people _______ to the party didn’t turn up.
	A. were invited	B. invited	C. inviting	D. were inviting
Question 21. She was angry that he _______ his promise again.
	A. kept	B. did	C. broke	D. remembered
Question 22. ________ the lights when you leave a room!
	A. Turn off	B. Take off	C. Go off	D. Get off
Question 23. I'm nervous if Ben drives when we go out because he drinks like a _______!
	A. fox 	B. cat 	C. fish	D. duck 
Question 24. Today I feel ______ I did yesterday.
	A. better than 	B. best 	C. the best 	D. good than
Question 25. The Red Cross all over the world has carried out a lot of _________.
	A. responsibilities	B. missions 	C. works 	D. jobs
Question 26. The area was upgraded to a wildlife _____ in 1972, at which time a small guard force was established. 
	A. reserve	B. conserve 	C. reservoir	D. reverse
Question 27. They told you about the news, _______?
	A. hasn’t they 	B. didn’t you 	C. have they	D. didn’t they 
Question 28. She said her dad was a _______ man who was always happy.
	A. peacefully	B. peaceful	C. peacefulness 	D. peace
Question 29. I will discuss them with you _________.
	A. when I will finish all required readings in our class
	B. by the time I finished all required readings in our class
	C. as soon as I finish all required readings in our class
	D. after I had finished all required readings in our class
Question 30. The 33rd SEA Games ________ in Thailand from December 9th to 20th, 2025.
	A. will be held 	B. will hold 	C. hold	D. were holding
Question 31. She is looking _______ a new place to live at the moment.
	A. with	B. about	C. for	D. at
Question 32. I ______ on the phone when my sister arrived.
	A. were talking	B. talk	C. talked	D. was talking
Question 33. She should avoid _______ other people’s feeling.
	A. hurts	B. hurt 	C. hurting 	D. to hurt 
Question 34. He spent much of his time playing ________ sports, including baseball, football and golf.
	A. the 	B. a 	C. Ø (no article)	D. an 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 35. It's against the law if you hunt the endangered species.
	A. You mustn't hunt the endangered species.	 B. You don't need to hunt the endangered species.
	C. You needn't hunt the endangered species.	 D. You can't hunt the endangered species.
Question 36. She last went shopping two months ago.
	A. She has gone shopping for two months. 	 B. She didn't go shopping two months ago.
	C. She hasn't gone shopping for two months. 	 D. She has two months to go shopping.
Question 37. “Kate, what are you doing next Saturday?” Nam asked.
	A. Nam asked Kate what she was doing the next Saturday.
	B. Nam asked Kate what is she doing next Saturday.
	C. Nam asked Kate what she is doing the next Saturday.
	D. Nam asked Kate what was she doing the next Saturday.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 38. A. endangered	B. document 	C. applicant	D. graduate 
Question 39. A. depend 	B. discuss 	C. enter	D. explain
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 40. Jack is talking to his sister Laura.
Jack: “Could you look after my baby while I'm away?"	Laura: " ________."
	A. Thank you B. With pleasure	C. That's all right 	D. It's doesn't matter
Question 41. Fiona and Lan are talking about hunting wild animals. 
- Fiona: “I think hunting wild animals should be banned.” 
- Lan: “________. Many wild animals are in danger of extinction." 
	A. No problem 	B. I couldn’t agree more 
	C. You're wrong 	D. I disagree completely
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 42. A. name 	B. late	C. act	D. page 
Question 43. A. anthem	B. without	C. neither	D. although
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 44. We want to make sure that no one is taking advantage of the American people for its own short-term gain.
	A. want	B. short-term	C. is taking	D. its
Question 45. She borrows the books from him many years ago and hasn't returned them yet.
	A. hasn’t returned 	B. from	C. borrows	D. them
Question 46. The car's transmission is much smoother and more responsible than previous models.
	A. responsible	B. transmission	C. previous	D. models
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 47. Tomato juice contains a rich amount of fiber which helps breaking down bad cholesterol in the body. 
	A. produces 	B. derives	C. compounds 	D. comprises 
Question 48. We searched all morning for the missing papers and finally discovered them in a drawer.
	A. quit 	B. brought	C. found 	D. put 
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 49. She is snowed under with work. She cannot go out with her friends at weekend. 
	A. She wishes she were snowed under with work, she could go out with her friends at weekend. 
	B. Provided that she is snowed under with work, she cannot go out with her friends at weekend. 
	C. If she weren't snowed under with work, she could go out with her friends at weekend. 
	D. If she were snowed under with work, she couldn’t go out with her friends at weekend.
Question 50. Alice registered for the course. She then received the scholarship.
	A. Only after Alice registered for the course, she received the scholarship.
	B. Having received the scholarship, Alice registered for the course.
	C. Hardly had Alice registered for the course when she received the scholarship.
	D. Registering for the course helped Alice receive the scholarship.
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