Đề thi tốt nghiệp THPT năm 2023 môn Tiếng Anh - Sở GD&ĐT Hậu Giang - Mã đề 815 (Có đáp án)

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SỞ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO
KỲ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT NĂM 2023 
TỈNH HẬU GIANG
Bài thi: NGOẠI NGỮ

Môn thi: TIẾNG ANH
ĐỀ THI THỬ
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề
Mã đề 815
 (Đề thi có 04 trang) 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 1. The severe climate of northern Mali does not allow much growth of vegetation.
	A. secure	B. harsh	C. gentle	D. bad
Question 2. Our vacation plans are up in the air because my mother keeps changing the destinations.
	A. not yet made	B. too far to go	C. very expensive	D. already decided
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Advocates of the laws and journalists who cover the issue often neglect to ask what will replace plastic bags and what the environmental impact of that replacement will be. People still need bags to bring home their groceries. And the most common substitute, paper bags, may be just as bad or worse, depending on the environmental problem you are most concerned about. 
That is leading to a split in the anti-bag movement. Some bills, like in Massachusetts, try to reduce the use of paper bags as well as plastic, but still favour paper. Others, like in New York City, treat all single-use bags equally. Even then, the question remains as to whether single-use bags are necessarily always worse than reusable ones. 
Studies of bags’ environmental impacts over their life cycle have reached widely varying conclusions. Some are funded by plastic industry groups, like the ironically named American Progressive Bag Alliance. Even studies conducted with the purest of intentions depend on any number of assumptions. How many plastic bags are replaced by one cotton tote bag? If a plastic bag is reused in the home as the garbage bag in a bathroom waste bin, does that reduce its footprint by eliminating the need for another small plastic garbage bag? 
If your chief concern is climate change, things get even muddier. One of the most comprehensive research papers on the environmental impact of bags, published in 2007 by an Australian state government agency, found that paper bags have a higher carbon footprint than plastic. That is primarily because more energy is required to produce and transport paper bags. 
“People look at paper and say it’s degradable, therefore it’s much better for the environment, but it’s not in terms of climate change impact,” says David Tyler, a professor of chemistry at the University of Oregon who has examined the research on the environmental impact of bag use. The reasons for paper’s higher carbon footprint are complex but can mostly be understood as stemming from the fact that paper bags are much thicker than plastic bags. “Very broadly, carbon footprints are proportional to mass of an object,” says Tyler. For example, because paper bags take up so much more space, more trucks are needed to ship paper bags to a store than to ship plastic bags. 
 (Adapted from https://www.wired.com/) 
Question 3. Which of the following best serves as the title for the article? 
	A. Paper bags are a good substitute for plastic ones. 
	B. Is plastic really worse than paper? 
	C. Activities of American Progressive Bag Alliance 
	D. What people think about paper bags 
Question 4. The word “their” in paragraph 1 refers to _______. 
	A. paper bags 	B. plastic bags 	C. groceries 	D. people 
Question 5. American Progressive Bag Alliance is the name of a _______. 
	A. paper bag company 	B. law company 
	C. plastic industry group 	D. plastic bag seller 
Question 6. The word “chief” in paragraph 4 most probably means _______. 
	A. small	B. public 	C. cooking	D. main
Question 7. Which of the following is TRUE, according to the article? 
	A. New York City prefers single-use bags. 
	B. Paper bags can be the substitute for plastic bags. 
	C. Studies reach the same conclusion on bags’ environmental impacts. 
	D. Plastic bags have a higher carbon footprint than paper according to research in 2007.
Question 8. The word “stemming” in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to _______. 
	A. looking 	B. deriving 	C. asking 	D. keeping 
Question 9. What can be inferred the reason for paper’s higher carbon footprint? 
	A. Paper bags are easily torn.	 B. Paper bags are difficult to ship. 
	C. Paper bags take less space. 	 D. Paper bags are much thicker than plastic bags. 
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Most of us have a sweet tooth. We love to eat a cookie, a donut or a piece of chocolate. But have you noticed what often happens when you eat one? When we eat or drink sugary foods, the sugar enters our blood and affects part of our brain. We may feel better, but the good feeling stops and we just want another one. All tasty foods do this, but sugar has a particularly strong effect. This is why many scientists believe that our love of sugar might be an addiction. In the body, sugar acts like an addictive drug, one that doctors recommend we all cut down. 
It seems obvious now that too much sugar can harm us, but why? In early human history, the body began storing sugar as fat to use as energy. Our bodies are efficient, so they need very little sugar. Today, the Western diet has the highest amount of sugar in history. There are also more high blood pressure and diabetes in the world. Some researchers believe that too much sugar may be the culprit. 
How do we battle our sweet tooth? Doctors advise us to cut down on sweets. They recommend that we choose healthy foods for snacks. Nuts, dark chocolate and yogurts are some of them. Yet even healthy foods can have too much sugar. Yogurts that are advertised as low-fat can have 17 grams, about half the daily allowance. However, the less sugar you eat, the less you want. Exercise helps, too. Using facilities such as walking tracks and gymnasiums can help control our desire.
 (Adapted from Reading Explorer 2, Paul Macintyre et al., 2015) 
Question 10. What is the main idea of the passage? 
	A. our sugar addiction 	B. types of healthy food 
	C. sugar makes us sick 	D. what not to eat 
Question 11. The word "cut down" in paragraph 1 could be best replaced by _______. 
	A. avoid 	B. increase 	C. reduce 	D. use more 
Question 12. The word "They” in paragraph 3 refers to _______. 
	A. snacks 	B. researchers	C. sweets 	D. doctors 
Question 13. According to paragraph 2, too much sugar can _______. 
	A. be harmful to our health 	B. help us avoid some diseases 
	C. be advantageous to us 	D. make us gain more energy 
Question 14. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT mentioned as healthy foods? 
	A. dark chocolate 	B. nuts 	C. sweets 	D. yogurts
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the blanks.
An endangered species is a type of organism ____(15)___ is threatened by extinction. Species become endangered for the main reason: loss of habitat. A loss of habitat can happen naturally. Dinosaurs, ____(16)___ , lost their habitat about 65 million years ago. The hot, dry climate of the Cretaceous period changed very quickly, most likely because of an asteroid ____(17)___ the Earth. The impact of the asteroid forced debris into the atmosphere, reducing the amount of heat and light that reached Earth’s surface. The dinosaurs were unable to adapt to this new, cooler habitat. Dinosaurs became endangered, then extinct.
Human activity can also contribute to a loss of habitat. Development for housing, industry, and agriculture reduces the habitat of native organisms. This can happen in ____(18)___ different ways. Development can eliminate habitat and native species directly. In the Amazon rain forest of South America, developers have cleared hundreds of thousands of acres. To “clear” a piece of land is to remove all trees and ____(19)___ from it. The Amazon rain forest is cleared for cattle ranches, logging, and urban use.
 (Adapted from https://education.nationalgeographic.org)
Question 15. A. who 	B. where 	C. that	D. when 
Question 16. A. such as	B. for example 	C. however 	D. like 
Question 17. A. making 	B. getting 	C. taking 	D. striking
Question 18. A. a number of 	B. each of 	C. a great deal of	D. amount of 
Question 19. A. vegetation 	B. animals	C. variety 	D. grasses
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 20. We last attended a live concert three months ago.
	A. We have attended a live concert for three months.
	B. We didn’t attend a live concert three months ago.
	C. We have three months to attend a live concert.
	D. We haven’t attended a live concert for three months.
Question 21. Our teacher asked us, “What are you doing now?”
	A. Our teacher asked us what were we doing then.
	B. Our teacher asked us what we were doing then.
	C. Our teacher asked us what we are doing now.
	D. Our teacher asked us what I was doing then.
Question 22. It’s possible that it will rain heavily this evening. 
	A. It can’t rain heavily this evening. 	 B. It needn’t rain heavily this evening. 
	C. It may rain heavily this evening.	 D. It must rain heavily this evening. 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 23. Tomato juice contains a rich amount of fiber which helps breaking down bad cholesterol in the body. 
	A. derives	B. produces 	C. comprises 	D. compounds 
Question 24. We searched all morning for the missing papers and finally discovered them in a drawer.
	A. quit 	B. found 	C. brought	D. put 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 25. Most people _______ to the party didn’t turn up.
	A. invited	B. were invited	C. inviting	D. were inviting
Question 26. ________ the lights when you leave a room!
	A. Turn off	B. Go off	C. Get off	D. Take off
Question 27. Today I feel ______ I did yesterday.
	A. the best 	B. better than 	C. best 	D. good than
Question 28. She is looking _______ a new place to live at the moment.
	A. for	B. at	C. about	D. with
Question 29. The 33rd SEA Games ________ in Thailand from December 9th to 20th, 2025.
	A. will be held 	B. were holding	C. hold	D. will hold 
Question 30. They told you about the news, _______?
	A. didn’t they 	B. didn’t you 	C. hasn’t they 	D. have they
Question 31. I'm nervous if Ben drives when we go out because he drinks like a _______!
	A. fox 	B. cat 	C. duck 	D. fish
Question 32. She should avoid _______ other people’s feeling.
	A. hurt 	B. to hurt 	C. hurting 	D. hurts
Question 33. She said her dad was a _______ man who was always happy.
	A. peaceful	B. peace	C. peacefully	D. peacefulness 
Question 34. The Red Cross all over the world has carried out a lot of _________.
	A. jobs	B. works 	C. responsibilities	D. missions 
Question 35. He spent much of his time playing ________ sports, including baseball, football and golf.
	A. an 	B. the 	C. Ø (no article)	D. a 
Question 36. She was angry that he _______ his promise again.
	A. broke	B. remember	C. kept	D. did
Question 37. The area was upgraded to a wildlife _____ in 1972, at which time a small guard force was established. 
	A. reservoir	B. reserve	C. reverse	D. conserve 
Question 38. I ______ on the phone when my sister arrived.
	A. was talking	B. talked	C. talk	D. were talking
Question 39. I will discuss them with you _________.
	A. as soon as I finish all required readings in our class
	B. by the time I finished all required readings in our class
	C. when I will finish all required readings in our class
	D. after I had finished all required readings in our class
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 40. She is snowed under with work. She cannot go out with her friends at weekend. 
	A. She wishes she were snowed under with work, she could go out with her friends at weekend. 
	B. If she weren't snowed under with work, she could go out with her friends at weekend. 
	C. Provided that she is snowed under with work, she cannot go out with her friends at weekend. 
	D. If she were snowed under with work, she couldn’t go out with her friends at weekend.
Question 41. Alice registered for the course. She then received the scholarship.
	A. Having received the scholarship, Alice registered for the course.
	B. Registering for the course helped Alice receive the scholarship.
	C. Only after Alice registered for the course, she received the scholarship.
	D. Hardly had Alice registered for the course when she received the scholarship.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 42. She borrows the books from him many years ago and hasn't returned them yet.
	A. them	B. hasn’t returned 	C. from	D. borrows
Question 43. The car's transmission is much smoother and more responsible than previous models.
	A. responsible	B. transmission	C. previous	D. models
Question 44. We want to make sure that no one is taking advantage of the American people for its own short-term gain.
	A. its	B. short-term	C. is taking	D. want
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 45. A. confidence 	B. company	C. attraction 	D. graduate 
Question 46. A. pollute	B. open	C. appear 	D. become
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 47. A. cake	B. able 	C. app	D. wake
Question 48. A. healthy 	B. thriller 	C. worthy	D. thermal 
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 49. Anny is talking to Peter about their assignments:
- Anny: “I think these assignments are too difficult for us.”
- Peter: “_______. I can’t do some parts.”
	A. I totally agree with you	B. I don’t think so
	C. It is a good idea	D. I don’t agree with you 
Question 50. Sam and Scott are in class.
- Sam: "Oh, no! I left my book at home. Can you share yours with me?"- Scott: "_______”
	A. No, not at all!	B. Yes, I do too.	C. Yes, sure!	D. No, thanks.
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