Đề thi tốt nghiệp THPT năm 2023 môn Tiếng Anh - Sở GD&ĐT Hậu Giang - Mã đề 811 (Có đáp án)

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SỞ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO
KỲ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT NĂM 2023 
TỈNH HẬU GIANG
Bài thi: NGOẠI NGỮ

Môn thi: TIẾNG ANH
ĐỀ THI THỬ
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề
Mã đề 811
 (Đề thi có 04 trang) 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 1. Surviving tough times can really deepen your relationship.
	A. solid	B. easy	C. strong	D. challenging
Question 2. I was at sea when he started discussing quantum physics during dinner. 
	A. able to understand	B. feeling hot
	C. feeling confused	D. travelling inland
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
There are several ways to measure how often men and women appear in news photos. One way is to think about all the photos together as making up one big crowd of people and estimating what share are women versus men. Women made up 33% of all the 53,067 individuals identified in news post images, while men made up the other 67%. 
Another way to look at the data is to examine the mix of people who appear in each image. Across the 22,342 posts with photos containing identifiable human faces, more than half of them exclusively showed men, while less than a quarter showed exclusively women. The remaining images show at least one man and one woman. 
All 17 news outlets included in the study showed more men than women in news images on Facebook during the study period. The share of individuals who were identified as women by the model ranges from 25% to 46%, by outlet. 
While these findings are striking, there is no perfect benchmark or “true ratio” for how often men and women should be portrayed in news images on social media. Yes, the U.S. population is divided nearly in half, male versus female. But, for example, all the representational coverage of professional football teams would return results overwhelmingly dominated by male faces. Coverage of the U.S. Senate – currently 25% female – might do the same. In addition, the analysis did not address whether the content of the news stories that accompanied the images was more focused on men or women. 
The analysis also reveals other ways that men are more prominent in news images on Facebook. In photos that showed two or more people, men tend to outnumber women. And men’s faces take up more space when shown, with the average male face being 10% larger than the average female face across all photos with people. 
 (Adapted from https://www.pewresearch.org/) 
Question 3. Which of the following best serves as the title for the article? 
	A. The analysis of news images on Facebook 
	B. Men Appear Twice as Often as Women in News Photos on Facebook 
	C. Big Crowd of People and the Share of Women and Men 
	D. Men and Women in News Images by Outlet 
Question 4. How many of the 22,342 posts with photos containing identifiable human faces showed only women? 
	A. 46% 	B. 75% 	C. 33% 	D. 25% 
Question 5. The word “exclusively” in paragraph 2 most probably means ______. 
	A. perfectly 	B. naturally 	C. uniquely 	D. honestly 
Question 6. The word “striking” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to ______. 
	A. impressive 	B. impartial 	C. creative 	D. inactive 
Question 7. Which of the following is TRUE, according to the article? 
	 	A. Currently 25% of the U.S. Senate are female. 
	B. More than half of the 22,342 posts with photos show at least one man and one woman. 
	C. Women’s faces take up more space when shown. 	
	D. Women accounted for 67% of all the 53,067 individuals identified in news post images. 
Question 8. The word “that” in paragraph 4 refers to ______. 
	A. the analysis 	B. the stories 	C. the images 	D. the content 
Question 9. Which of the reason why men are more prominent in news images can be inferred from the passage? 
	A. Women are whiter than men. 	 B. Women didn’t like taking photos. 
	C. Men didn’t make up.	 D. Women’s face was smaller than men’s. 
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Millions of people in the UK are putting their sight at risk by continuing to smoke, warned specialists. Despite the clear connection, only one in five people recognise that smoking can lead to blindness, a poll for the Association of Optometrists (AOP) finds. Smokers are twice as likely to lose their sight compared with non-smokers, as tobacco smoke can cause and worsen a number of eye conditions.
Cigarette smoke contains toxic chemicals that can irritate and harm the eyes. Additionally, Smoking can make diabetes-related sight problems worse by damaging blood vessels at the back of the eye. Smokers are also around three times more likely to get age-related macular degeneration - a condition affecting a person's central vision, meaning that they lose their ability to see fine details.
Moreover, they are 16 times more likely than non-smokers to develop sudden loss of vision caused by optic neuropathy, where the blood supply to the eye becomes blocked. The AOP says stopping or avoiding smoking is one of the best steps you can take to protect your vision, along with having regular sight checks. Aishah Fazlanie, Optometrist and Clinical and Regulatory Adviser for the AOP, said: "People tend to know about the link between smoking and cancer, but many people are not aware of the impact that smoking can have upon the eyes.” 
In the UK, 17% of men and 13% of women - around 7.4 million people - are smokers. More than half (61%) of them say they want to quit. In 2017, around 2.8 million people - 5.5% of the UK - were using e-cigarettes, and the most common reason given for this was to help quit smoking. 
 (Adapted from https://www.bbc.com/) 
Question 10. What is the passage mainly about? 
	 	A. Smoking’s negative effects on the human eye 
	B. How we can protect our vision from cigarette smoke 
	C. People in UK switching to e-cigarette to quit smoking 
	D. The connection between smoking and cancer 
Question 11. The word “their” in paragraph 1 refers to _______. 
	A. specialists	B. smokers	C. non-smokers 	D. problems 
Question 12. According to the passage, smokers can unexpectedly lose vision when _______. 
	A. they suffer from macular degeneration. 
	B. the blood supply to the eye is blocked 
	C. toxic chemicals in cigarette smoke harm the eye. 
	D. blood vessels at the back of the eye are damaged. 
Question 13. The word “fine” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to _______. 
	A. excellent 	B. lively 	C. exact 	D. relevant 
Question 14. The AOP suggest doing all of the following to protect our sight EXCEPT _______. 
	A. stopping smoking. 	B. avoiding smoking. 
	C. switching to e-cigarettes. 	D. checking our sight regularly. 
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the blanks.
An endangered species is a type of organism ____(15)___ is threatened by extinction. Species become endangered for the main reason: loss of habitat. A loss of habitat can happen naturally. Dinosaurs, ____(16)___ , lost their habitat about 65 million years ago. The hot, dry climate of the Cretaceous period changed very quickly, most likely because of an asteroid ____(17)___ the Earth. The impact of the asteroid forced debris into the atmosphere, reducing the amount of heat and light that reached Earth’s surface. The dinosaurs were unable to adapt to this new, cooler habitat. Dinosaurs became endangered, then extinct.
Human activity can also contribute to a loss of habitat. Development for housing, industry, and agriculture reduces the habitat of native organisms. This can happen in ____(18)___ different ways. Development can eliminate habitat and native species directly. In the Amazon rain forest of South America, developers have cleared hundreds of thousands of acres. To “clear” a piece of land is to remove all trees and ____(19)___ from it. The Amazon rain forest is cleared for cattle ranches, logging, and urban use.
 (Adapted from https://education.nationalgeographic.org)
Question 15. A. that	B. where 	C. who 	D. when 
Question 16. A. however 	B. such as	C. like 	D. for example 
Question 17. A. getting 	B. making 	C. taking 	D. striking
Question 18. A. each of 	B. a number of 	C. a great deal of	D. amount of 
Question 19. A. animals	B. vegetation 	C. variety 	D. grasses
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 20. A. graduate 	B. confidence 	C. attraction 	D. company
Question 21. A. pollute	B. appear 	C. open	D. become
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 22. Ann has some work to do tonight. She can’t eat out with her family.
	A. If Ann didn’t have some work to do tonight, she could eat out with her family.
	B. If Ann had some work to do tonight, she couldn’t eat out with her family.
	C. If only Ann hadn’t had some work to do tonight, she could have eaten out with her family.
	D. Supposing that Ann doesn’t have some work to do tonight, she can eat out with her family.
Question 23. Bob finished work. He went home to spend more time with his little daughter then. 
	A. No sooner had Bob finished work when he went home to spend more time with his little daughter. 
	B. Hardly had Bob finished work when he didn’t go home to spend more time with his little daughter.
	C. Only after Bob went home to spend more time with his little daughter did he finish work. 
	D. No sooner had Bob finished work than he went home to spend more time with his little daughter. 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 24. We last attended a live concert three months ago.
	A. We haven’t attended a live concert for three months.
	B. We have three months to attend a live concert.
	C. We have attended a live concert for three months.
	D. We didn’t attend a live concert three months ago.
Question 25. It’s possible that it will rain heavily this evening. 
	A. It can’t rain heavily this evening. 	 B. It needn’t rain heavily this evening. 
	C. It may rain heavily this evening.	 D. It must rain heavily this evening. 
Question 26. Our teacher asked us, “What are you doing now?”
	A. Our teacher asked us what we are doing now.	 B. Our teacher asked us what I was doing then.
	C. Our teacher asked us what were we doing then., D. Our teacher asked us what we were doing then.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 27. In all these films one observes that directors are taking a new interest in Native American culture.
	A. thinks 	B. hopes	C. says	D. sees 
Question 28. I've left my watch at the jeweller's to be mended.
	A. sold	B. repaired	C. broken	D. created
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 29. The tsunami in 2004 ________ some countries and caused a lot of damage.
	A. defeated 	B. beat 	C. hit	D. reached 
Question 30. We ______ for the bus when we saw a car accident.
	A. was waiting	B. were waiting	C. wait	D. waited
Question 31. The 32nd SEA Games ________ in Cambodia from May 5th to 17th, 2023.
	A. hold	B. were held 	C. were holding	D. held 
Question 32. Kansas City was hit with five personal ______ in the fourth quarter. 
	A. fouls 	B. faults 	C. errors	D. mistakes 
Question 33. Tom always _______ his promises, so I'm sure he'll do what he said he'd do.
	A. keeps	B. forgets	C. breaks	D. does
Question 34. She has done an _______ job of adapting the novel for the screen.
	A. excellence	B. excellently	C. excellent	D. excel
Question 35. The man ________ near my home walks to work every day.
	A. is lived	B. lived	C. living	D. is living
Question 36. Giving your credit card to a stranger is like sending a _______ guarding the henhouse.
	A. cat 	B. fox 	C. fish	D. duck 
Question 37. She asked you to give her a hand, _______? 
	A. didn’t you	B. has she	C. hadn’t she	D. didn’t she
Question 38. They actually decided _______ something positive about it.
	A. to do 	B. do 	C. done	D. doing 
Question 39. The meeting will begin ________.
	A. as soon as all the participants arrive 	 B. by the time all the participants arrived
	C. after all the participants had arrived	 D. when all the participants were arriving 
Question 40. Actually, today I feel ______ I did yesterday.
	A. worse than 	B. bad than	C. worst 	D. the worst 
Question 41. Your sister is ______ most intelligent girl I’ve ever met. 
	A. an 	B. the 	C. Ø (no article)	D. a 
Question 42. He is very worried _______ his new job.
	A. for	B. about	C. at	D. with
Question 43. Bob’s doctor advised him to ________ smoking.
	A. put up	B. take up	C. give up	D. turn up
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs 
correction in each of the following questions.
Question 44. The two young men got down his bows and arrows, and all were busy making plans for the next day.
	A. his	B. making	C. were	D. got
Question 45. Peter forgets to charge his phone last night, so now its battery is running low.
	A. is running	B. its 	C. his 	D. forgets 
Question 46. For years successful governments have struggled to define what extremism is and who they’re trying to confront.
	A. confront	B. successful	C. define	D. extremism
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 47. A. worthy	B. thriller 	C. thermal 	D. healthy 
Question 48. A. cake	B. wake	C. app	D. able 
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 49. Anny is talking to Peter about their assignments:
- Anny: “I think these assignments are too difficult for us.”
- Peter: “_______. I can’t do some parts.”
	A. I don’t agree with you 	B. It is a good idea
	C. I don’t think so	D. I totally agree with you
Question 50. Sam and Scott are in class.
- Sam: "Oh, no! I left my book at home. Can you share yours with me?"- Scott: "_______”
	A. Yes, sure!	B. Yes, I do too.	C. No, thanks.	D. No, not at all!
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