Đề thi tốt nghiệp THPT năm 2023 môn Tiếng Anh - Sở GD&ĐT Hậu Giang - Mã đề 805 (Có đáp án)

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SỞ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO
KỲ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT NĂM 2023 
TỈNH HẬU GIANG
Bài thi: NGOẠI NGỮ

Môn thi: TIẾNG ANH
ĐỀ THI THỬ
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề
Mã đề 805
 (Đề thi có 04 trang) 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 1. Surviving tough times can really deepen your relationship.
	A. challenging	B. easy	C. solid	D. strong
Question 2. I was at sea when he started discussing quantum physics during dinner. 
	A. feeling confused	B. able to understand
	C. feeling hot	D. travelling inland
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Advocates of the laws and journalists who cover the issue often neglect to ask what will replace plastic bags and what the environmental impact of that replacement will be. People still need bags to bring home their groceries. And the most common substitute, paper bags, may be just as bad or worse, depending on the environmental problem you are most concerned about. 
That is leading to a split in the anti-bag movement. Some bills, like in Massachusetts, try to reduce the use of paper bags as well as plastic, but still favour paper. Others, like in New York City, treat all single-use bags equally. Even then, the question remains as to whether single-use bags are necessarily always worse than reusable ones. 
Studies of bags’ environmental impacts over their life cycle have reached widely varying conclusions. Some are funded by plastic industry groups, like the ironically named American Progressive Bag Alliance. Even studies conducted with the purest of intentions depend on any number of assumptions. How many plastic bags are replaced by one cotton tote bag? If a plastic bag is reused in the home as the garbage bag in a bathroom waste bin, does that reduce its footprint by eliminating the need for another small plastic garbage bag? 
If your chief concern is climate change, things get even muddier. One of the most comprehensive research papers on the environmental impact of bags, published in 2007 by an Australian state government agency, found that paper bags have a higher carbon footprint than plastic. That is primarily because more energy is required to produce and transport paper bags. 
“People look at paper and say it’s degradable, therefore it’s much better for the environment, but it’s not in terms of climate change impact,” says David Tyler, a professor of chemistry at the University of Oregon who has examined the research on the environmental impact of bag use. The reasons for paper’s higher carbon footprint are complex but can mostly be understood as stemming from the fact that paper bags are much thicker than plastic bags. “Very broadly, carbon footprints are proportional to mass of an object,” says Tyler. For example, because paper bags take up so much more space, more trucks are needed to ship paper bags to a store than to ship plastic bags. 
 (Adapted from https://www.wired.com/) 
Question 3. Which of the following best serves as the title for the article? 
	A. Activities of American Progressive Bag Alliance 
	B. Paper bags are a good substitute for plastic ones. 
	C. What people think about paper bags 
	D. Is plastic really worse than paper? 
Question 4. The word “their” in paragraph 1 refers to _______. 
	A. paper bags 	B. plastic bags 	C. people 	D. groceries 
Question 5. American Progressive Bag Alliance is the name of a _______. 
	A. law company 	B. plastic industry group 
	C. paper bag company 	D. plastic bag seller 
Question 6. The word “chief” in paragraph 4 most probably means _______. 
	A. main	B. cooking	C. public 	D. small
Question 7. Which of the following is TRUE, according to the article? 
	A. New York City prefers single-use bags. 
	B. Studies reach the same conclusion on bags’ environmental impacts. 
	C. Plastic bags have a higher carbon footprint than paper according to research in 2007.
	D. Paper bags can be the substitute for plastic bags. 
Question 8. The word “stemming” in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to _______. 
	A. keeping 	B. deriving 	C. looking 	D. asking 
Question 9. What can be inferred the reason for paper’s higher carbon footprint? 
	A. Paper bags are much thicker than plastic bags. B. Paper bags are easily torn.
	C. Paper bags take less space. 	 D. Paper bags are difficult to ship. 
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Most of us have a sweet tooth. We love to eat a cookie, a donut or a piece of chocolate. But have you noticed what often happens when you eat one? When we eat or drink sugary foods, the sugar enters our blood and affects part of our brain. We may feel better, but the good feeling stops and we just want another one. All tasty foods do this, but sugar has a particularly strong effect. This is why many scientists believe that our love of sugar might be an addiction. In the body, sugar acts like an addictive drug, one that doctors recommend we all cut down. 
It seems obvious now that too much sugar can harm us, but why? In early human history, the body began storing sugar as fat to use as energy. Our bodies are efficient, so they need very little sugar. Today, the Western diet has the highest amount of sugar in history. There are also more high blood pressure and diabetes in the world. Some researchers believe that too much sugar may be the culprit. 
How do we battle our sweet tooth? Doctors advise us to cut down on sweets. They recommend that we choose healthy foods for snacks. Nuts, dark chocolate and yogurts are some of them. Yet even healthy foods can have too much sugar. Yogurts that are advertised as low-fat can have 17 grams, about half the daily allowance. However, the less sugar you eat, the less you want. Exercise helps, too. Using facilities such as walking tracks and gymnasiums can help control our desire.
 (Adapted from Reading Explorer 2, Paul Macintyre et al., 2015) 
Question 10. What is the main idea of the passage? 
	A. sugar makes us sick 	B. types of healthy food 
	C. what not to eat 	D. our sugar addiction 
Question 11. The word "cut down" in paragraph 1 could be best replaced by _______. 
	A. reduce 	B. avoid 	C. use more 	D. increase 
Question 12. The word "They” in paragraph 3 refers to _______. 
	A. researchers	B. snacks 	C. doctors 	D. sweets 
Question 13. According to paragraph 2, too much sugar can _______. 
	A. make us gain more energy 	B. be advantageous to us 
	C. be harmful to our health 	D. help us avoid some diseases 
Question 14. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT mentioned as healthy foods? 
	A. nuts 	B. sweets 	C. dark chocolate 	D. yogurts
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the blanks.
An endangered species is a type of organism ____(15)___ is threatened by extinction. Species become endangered for the main reason: loss of habitat. A loss of habitat can happen naturally. Dinosaurs, ____(16)___ , lost their habitat about 65 million years ago. The hot, dry climate of the Cretaceous period changed very quickly, most likely because of an asteroid ____(17)___ the Earth. The impact of the asteroid forced debris into the atmosphere, reducing the amount of heat and light that reached Earth’s surface. The dinosaurs were unable to adapt to this new, cooler habitat. Dinosaurs became endangered, then extinct.
Human activity can also contribute to a loss of habitat. Development for housing, industry, and agriculture reduces the habitat of native organisms. This can happen in ____(18)___ different ways. Development can eliminate habitat and native species directly. In the Amazon rain forest of South America, developers have cleared hundreds of thousands of acres. To “clear” a piece of land is to remove all trees and ____(19)___ from it. The Amazon rain forest is cleared for cattle ranches, logging, and urban use.
 (Adapted from https://education.nationalgeographic.org)
Question 15. A. that	B. who 	C. where 	D. when 
Question 16. A. like 	B. however 	C. such as	D. for example 
Question 17. A. striking	B. making 	C. getting 	D. taking 
Question 18. A. a great deal of	B. each of 	C. a number of 	D. amount of 
Question 19. A. animals	B. variety 	C. vegetation 	D. grasses
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 20. She is snowed under with work. She cannot go out with her friends at weekend. 
	A. If she weren't snowed under with work, she could go out with her friends at weekend. 
	B. Provided that she is snowed under with work, she cannot go out with her friends at weekend. 
	C. If she were snowed under with work, she couldn’t go out with her friends at weekend.
	D. She wishes she were snowed under with work, she could go out with her friends at weekend. 
Question 21. Alice registered for the course. She then received the scholarship.
	A. Registering for the course helped Alice receive the scholarship.
	B. Hardly had Alice registered for the course when she received the scholarship.
	C. Only after Alice registered for the course, she received the scholarship.
	D. Having received the scholarship, Alice registered for the course.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 22. We ______ for the bus when we saw a car accident.
	A. wait	B. were waiting	C. waited	D. was waiting
Question 23. Your sister is ______ most intelligent girl I’ve ever met. 
	A. the 	B. an 	C. a 	D. Ø (no article)
Question 24. Kansas City was hit with five personal ______ in the fourth quarter. 
	A. faults 	B. mistakes 	C. errors	D. fouls 
Question 25. Tom always _______ his promises, so I'm sure he'll do what he said he'd do.
	A. forgets	B. breaks	C. keeps	D. does
Question 26. Actually, today I feel ______ I did yesterday.
	A. bad than	B. worst 	C. worse than 	D. the worst 
Question 27. Bob’s doctor advised him to ________ smoking.
	A. turn up	B. put up	C. take up	D. give up
Question 28. The tsunami in 2004 ________ some countries and caused a lot of damage.
	A. defeated 	B. beat 	C. reached 	D. hit
Question 29. The man ________ near my home walks to work every day.
	A. is lived	B. is living	C. living	D. lived
Question 30. The 32nd SEA Games ________ in Cambodia from May 5th to 17th, 2023 
	A. held 	B. were held 	C. hold	D. were holding
Question 31. The meeting will begin ________.
	A. by the time all the participants arrived	 B. as soon as all the participants arrive 
	C. when all the participants were arriving 	 D. after all the participants had arrived
Question 32. She has done an _______ job of adapting the novel for the screen.
	A. excellent	B. excel	C. excellently	D. excellence
Question 33. Giving your credit card to a stranger is like sending a _______ guarding the henhouse.
	A. cat 	B. fox 	C. duck 	D. fish
Question 34. He is very worried _______ his new job.
	A. at	B. for	C. about	D. with
Question 35. They actually decided _______ something positive about it.
	A. to do 	B. do 	C. done	D. doing 
Question 36. She asked you to give her a hand, _______? 
	A. didn’t she	B. hadn’t she	C. didn’t you	D. has she
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 37. Sam and Scott are in class.
- Sam: "Oh, no! I left my book at home. Can you share yours with me?"	- Scott: "_______”
	A. No, thanks.	B. Yes, I do too.	C. No, not at all!	D. Yes, sure!
Question 38. Anny is talking to Peter about their assignments:
- Anny: “I think these assignments are too difficult for us.”
- Peter: “_______. I can’t do some parts.”
	A. I totally agree with you	B. I don’t think so
	C. It is a good idea	D. I don’t agree with you 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 39. A. thermal 	B. thriller 	C. worthy	D. healthy 
Question 40. A. wake	B. cake	C. able 	D. app
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 41. A. become	B. open	C. pollute	D. appear 
Question 42. A. graduate 	B. attraction 	C. company	D. confidence 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 43. I've left my watch at the jeweller's to be mended.
	A. broken	B. repaired	C. created	D. sold
Question 44. In all these films one observes that directors are taking a new interest in Native American culture.
	A. thinks 	B. sees 	C. hopes	D. says
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 45. It’s possible that it will rain heavily this evening. 
	A. It needn’t rain heavily this evening. 	 B. It can’t rain heavily this evening. 
	C. It may rain heavily this evening.	 D. It must rain heavily this evening. 
Question 46. Our teacher asked us, “What are you doing now?”
	A. Our teacher asked us what we were doing then.
	B. Our teacher asked us what were we doing then.
	C. Our teacher asked us what we are doing now.
	D. Our teacher asked us what I was doing then.
Question 47. We last attended a live concert three months ago.
	A. We have attended a live concert for three months.
	B. We didn’t attend a live concert three months ago.
	C. We haven’t attended a live concert for three months.
	D. We have three months to attend a live concert.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 48. For years successful governments have struggled to define what extremism is and who they’re trying to confront.
	A. confront	B. successful	C. define	D. extremism
Question 49. The two young men got down his bows and arrows, and all were busy making plans for the next day.
	A. his	B. got	C. making	D. were
Question 50. Peter forgets to charge his phone last night, so now its battery is running low.
	A. is running	B. its 	C. forgets 	D. his 
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