Đề thi tốt nghiệp THPT năm 2023 môn Tiếng Anh - Sở GD&ĐT Hậu Giang - Mã đề 801 (Có đáp án)

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SỞ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO
KỲ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT NĂM 2023 
TỈNH HẬU GIANG
Bài thi: NGOẠI NGỮ

Môn thi: TIẾNG ANH
ĐỀ THI THỬ
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề
Mã đề 801
 (Đề thi có 04 trang) 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 1. Surviving tough times can really deepen your relationship.
	A. strong	B. challenging	C. easy	D. solid
Question 2. I was at sea when he started discussing quantum physics during dinner. 
	A. feeling confused B. feeling hot	C. travelling inland	D. able to understand
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
There are several ways to measure how often men and women appear in news photos. One way is to think about all the photos together as making up one big crowd of people and estimating what share are women versus men. Women made up 33% of all the 53,067 individuals identified in news post images, while men made up the other 67%. 
Another way to look at the data is to examine the mix of people who appear in each image. Across the 22,342 posts with photos containing identifiable human faces, more than half of them exclusively showed men, while less than a quarter showed exclusively women. The remaining images show at least one man and one woman. 
All 17 news outlets included in the study showed more men than women in news images on Facebook during the study period. The share of individuals who were identified as women by the model ranges from 25% to 46%, by outlet. 
While these findings are striking, there is no perfect benchmark or “true ratio” for how often men and women should be portrayed in news images on social media. Yes, the U.S. population is divided nearly in half, male versus female. But, for example, all the representational coverage of professional football teams would return results overwhelmingly dominated by male faces. Coverage of the U.S. Senate – currently 25% female – might do the same. In addition, the analysis did not address whether the content of the news stories that accompanied the images was more focused on men or women. 
The analysis also reveals other ways that men are more prominent in news images on Facebook. In photos that showed two or more people, men tend to outnumber women. And men’s faces take up more space when shown, with the average male face being 10% larger than the average female face across all photos with people. 
 (Adapted from https://www.pewresearch.org/) 
Question 3. Which of the following best serves as the title for the article? 
	A. Men and Women in News Images by Outlet 
	B. Men Appear Twice as Often as Women in News Photos on Facebook 
	C. Big Crowd of People and the Share of Women and Men 
	D. The analysis of news images on Facebook 
Question 4. How many of the 22,342 posts with photos containing identifiable human faces showed only women? 
	A. 75% 	B. 33% 	C. 25% 	D. 46% 
Question 5. The word “exclusively” in paragraph 2 most probably means ______. 
	A. naturally 	B. honestly 	C. uniquely 	D. perfectly 
Question 6. The word “striking” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to ______. 
	A. inactive 	B. impartial 	C. creative 	D. impressive 
Question 7. Which of the following is TRUE, according to the article? 
	A. Women accounted for 67% of all the 53,067 individuals identified in news post images. 
	B. Women’s faces take up more space when shown. 
	C. More than half of the 22,342 posts with photos show at least one man and one woman. 
	D. Currently 25% of the U.S. Senate are female. 
Question 8. The word “that” in paragraph 4 refers to ______. 
	A. the content 	B. the analysis 	C. the stories 	D. the images 
Question 9. Which of the reason why men are more prominent in news images can be inferred from the passage? 
	A. women’s face was smaller than men’s. 	B. Women are whiter than men. 
	C. Men didn’t make up.	D. Women didn’t like taking photos. 
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Millions of people in the UK are putting their sight at risk by continuing to smoke, warned specialists. Despite the clear connection, only one in five people recognise that smoking can lead to blindness, a poll for the Association of Optometrists (AOP) finds. Smokers are twice as likely to lose their sight compared with non-smokers, as tobacco smoke can cause and worsen a number of eye conditions.
Cigarette smoke contains toxic chemicals that can irritate and harm the eyes. Additionally, Smoking can make diabetes-related sight problems worse by damaging blood vessels at the back of the eye. Smokers are also around three times more likely to get age-related macular degeneration - a condition affecting a person's central vision, meaning that they lose their ability to see fine details. 
Moreover, they are 16 times more likely than non-smokers to develop sudden loss of vision caused by optic neuropathy, where the blood supply to the eye becomes blocked. The AOP says stopping or avoiding smoking is one of the best steps you can take to protect your vision, along with having regular sight checks. Aishah Fazlanie, Optometrist and Clinical and Regulatory Adviser for the AOP, said: "People tend to know about the link between smoking and cancer, but many people are not aware of the impact that smoking can have upon the eyes.” 
In the UK, 17% of men and 13% of women - around 7.4 million people - are smokers. More than half (61%) of them say they want to quit. In 2017, around 2.8 million people - 5.5% of the UK - were using e-cigarettes, and the most common reason given for this was to help quit smoking. 
 (Adapted from https://www.bbc.com/) 
Question 10. What is the passage mainly about? 
	A. People in UK switching to e-cigarette to quit smoking 
	B. The connection between smoking and cancer 
	C. Smoking’s negative effects on the human eye 
	D. How we can protect our vision from cigarette smoke 
Question 11. The word “their” in paragraph 1 refers to _______. 
	A. smokers	B. non-smokers 	C. specialists	D. problems 
Question 12. According to the passage, smokers can unexpectedly lose vision when _______. 
	A. toxic chemicals in cigarette smoke harm the eye. 
	B. the blood supply to the eye is blocked 
	C. blood vessels at the back of the eye are damaged. 
	D. they suffer from macular degeneration. 
Question 13. The word “fine” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to _______. 
	A. relevant 	B. excellent 	C. exact 	D. lively 
Question 14. The AOP suggest doing all of the following to protect our sight EXCEPT _______. 
	A. switching to e-cigarettes. 	B. checking our sight regularly. 
	C. avoiding smoking. 	D. stopping smoking. 
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the blanks.
We need to attend to the tree loss because of the following tree benefits. Firstly, trees provide shade for homes, office buildings, parks and roadways, cooling surface temperatures. They also take in and evaporate water, ____(15)___ cools the air around them. Secondly, trees absorb carbon and remove pollutants from the atmosphere. Trees also reduce energy costs by $4 billion a year, according to Nowak's study. "The shading of those trees on buildings ____(16)___ your air conditioning costs. Take those trees away; now your buildings are heating up, you're running your air conditioning more, and you're burning more fuel from the power plants, so the pollution and emissions go up." ____(17)___ , trees act as water filters, taking in dirty surface water and absorbing nitrogen and phosphorus into the soil. Last but not least, ____(18)___ studies have found connections between exposure to nature and better mental and physical health. Some hospitals have added tree views and plantings for patients as a result of these studies. Doctors are even prescribing walks in nature for children and families due to evidence that nature exposure lowers blood ____(19)___ and stress hormones. And studies have associated living near green areas with lower death rates. 
 (Adapted from https://www.studocu.com/vn)
Question 15. A. that 	B. which 	C. whose 	D. what
Question 16. A. pays 	B. increases 	C. values 	D. reduces 
Question 17. A. Consequently 	B. However 	C. Besides 	D. Afterwards 
Question 18. A. many 	B. much 	C. every 	D. each 
Question 19. A. drop 	B. pressure 	C. stream 	D. line 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 20. Peter forgets to charge his phone last night, so now its battery is running low.
	A. his 	B. forgets 	C. its 	D. is running
Question 21. For years successful governments have struggled to define what extremism is and who they’re trying to confront.
	A. successful	B. extremism	C. confront	D. define
Question 22. The two young men got down his bows and arrows, and all were busy making plans for the next day.
	A. his	B. were	C. making	D. got
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 23. I've left my watch at the jeweller's to be mended.
	A. created	B. sold	C. broken	D. repaired
Question 24. In all these films one observes that directors are taking a new interest in Native American culture.
	A. hopes	B. sees 	C. thinks 	D. says
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 25. She asked you to give her a hand, _______? 
	A. didn’t she	B. has she	C. didn’t you	D. hadn’t she
Question 26. Giving your credit card to a stranger is like sending a _______ guarding the henhouse.
	A. fish	B. duck 	C. cat 	D. fox 
Question 27. The 32nd SEA Games ________ in Cambodia from May 5th to 17th, 2023.
	A. held 	B. hold	C. were holding	D. were held 
Question 28. Actually, today I feel ______ I did yesterday.
	A. bad than	B. worse than 	C. the worst 	D. worst 
Question 29. We ______ for the bus when we saw a car accident.
	A. were waiting	B. wait	C. was waiting	D. waited
Question 30. Your sister is ______ most intelligent girl I’ve ever met. 
	A. a 	B. an 	C. Ø (no article)	D. the 
Question 31. He is very worried ______ his new job.
	A. with	B. about	C. for	D. at
Question 32. They actually decided _______ something positive about it.
	A. do 	B. doing 	C. done	D. to do 
Question 33. The meeting will begin ________.
	A. as soon as all the participants arrive 	B. when all the participants were arriving 
	C. after all the participants had arrived	D. by the time all the participants arrived
Question 34. The man ________ near my home walks to work every day.
	A. is lived	B. living	C. lived	D. is living
Question 35. Kansas City was hit with five personal ______ in the fourth quarter. 
	A. fouls 	B. mistakes 	C. faults 	D. errors
Question 36. Tom always _______ his promises, so I'm sure he'll do what he said he'd do.
	A. keeps	B. forgets	C. breaks	D. does
Question 37. Bob’s doctor advised him to ________ smoking.
	A. give up	B. put up	C. take up	D. turn up
Question 38. She has done an _______ job of adapting the novel for the screen.
	A. excellently	B. excellence	C. excellent	D. excel
Question 39. The tsunami in 2004 ________ some countries and caused a lot of damage.
	A. defeated 	B. hit	C. reached 	D. beat 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 40. A. without	B. neither	C. although	D. anthem
Question 41. A. act	B. name 	C. page 	D. late
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 42. It's against the law if you hunt the endangered species.
	A. You mustn't hunt the endangered species.	B. You don't need to hunt the endangered species.
	C. You needn't hunt the endangered species.	D. You can't hunt the endangered species.
Question 43. “Kate, what are you doing next Saturday?” Nam asked.
	A. Nam asked Kate what she is doing the next Saturday.
	B. Nam asked Kate what was she doing the next Saturday.
	C. Nam asked Kate what is she doing next Saturday.
	D. Nam asked Kate what she was doing the next Saturday.
Question 44. She last went shopping two months ago.
	A. She hasn't gone shopping for two months. 	B. She has gone shopping for two months. 
	C. She has two months to go shopping.	D. She didn't go shopping two months ago.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 45. Fiona and Lan are talking about hunting wild animals. 
- Fiona: “I think hunting wild animals should be banned.” 
- Lan: “________. Many wild animals are in danger of extinction." 
	A. You're wrong 	B. I disagree completely
	C. I couldn’t agree more 	D. No problem 
Question 46. Jack is talking to his sister Laura.
Jack: “Could you look after my baby while I'm away?"	Laura: " ________."
	A. It's doesn't matter B. That's all right 	C. Thank you	D. With pleasure
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 47. Ann has some work to do tonight. She can’t eat out with her family.
	A. If only Ann hadn’t had some work to do tonight, she could have eaten out with her family.
	B. If Ann had some work to do tonight, she couldn’t eat out with her family.
	C. Supposing that Ann doesn’t have some work to do tonight, she can eat out with her family.
	D. If Ann didn’t have some work to do tonight, she could eat out with her family.
Question 48. Bob finished work. He went home to spend more time with his little daughter then. 
	A. No sooner had Bob finished work than he went home to spend more time with his little daughter. 
	B. No sooner had Bob finished work when he went home to spend more time with his little daughter. 
	C. Only after Bob went home to spend more time with his little daughter did he finish work. 
	D. Hardly had Bob finished work when he didn’t go home to spend more time with his little daughter.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 49. A. graduate 	B. document 	C. applicant	D. endangered
Question 50. A. discuss 	B. explain	C. enter	D. depend 
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